Once you attach binding a few times, you will realize that you can attach binding to the front of your quilt pretty quickly. Be sure to staple all the fabric … And the cotton will provide adequate room for this attachment. This is a full natural fabric, and this stitches through very well, and the material is also not much thick. Batting: Batting gives quilts their cuddliness and that oh-so-coveted crinkly texture right when they come out of the dryer. You can buy prepackaged batting (insular material) in Twin, Queen, and King sizes at your local fabric or craft store. Attaching the binding. These safety pins will be used for keeping the material while attaching them to the batting. You can always trim excess fabric when you are done. We use the iron press, which has high temperatures. Debbie Frio April 14, 2017 at 3:40 am # The back can also be anything you want. How to Add Cushions When Reupholstering Dining Chairs. These are the d-hooks I used and work great. So this is our sole responsibility to gain proper knowledge before getting into the work. 5. And the front side is where I tend to scrape off as much time as I can. Now you have to take the safety pins that you already have collected. This is a natural fiber, and sometimes some people do not like to use polyester batting and prefer natural batting. Have a beautiful day!! So we suggest that you wear gloves while using the iron and take off all the electrical connections while pressing the batting against the fabric. Many techniques are incorporated by the people while attaching the batting to the main fabric. So without exaggerating, let us go through the description of the methods. Starch your quilt top and backing before layering This will also add stability, but you'll need to take the extra step at the end to wash the quilt to remove the starch. You can add as much or as little batting as you like. The batting should be spread on the fabric like before, and then you have to press the hot iron against the batting. All of them are prominent for their individualistic features, for the better convenience of our readers we are going to provide you the best three methods that we have shortlisted, we hope that all of these will be much easy for you to perform, and the manual labor can also be lessened. In this technique, at first, you have to spread the main fabric in the table, if the fabric is small, you can use a standard table, but for bugger sized fabric, you should always use the floor to spread it. Sew a few stitches to keep the quilt batting in place, and remove the pins. The batting material should be placed in such a manner that there is always one to two inches extra on all the sides. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for the other half of the batting. When creating a blanket, decide what you'd like for the front and back sides. Lay the batting over top of the backing fabric, centering the batting and smoothing it flat. Sew along the seam lines between the different pieces of fabric in your quilt. In this way, you will be free of danger. Remove batting from its packaging and allow it to relax and plump up for a couple of hours. Step 4: Partially mount the backing fabric. These are much important for the proper accomplishment of the sewing technique. It just keeps the fabric in place. This batting material is an amalgamation of cotton and polyester. Polyester batting is the best one for beginners who are willing to learn the technique. Just as fabric scraps do. Now that the top and batting are ‘joined’ I cut the batting to mirror the edge of my quilt top. To hold them correctly, we will use safety pins at a distance of two to three inches along the border. This batting material is solely composed of cotton, the main advantage of the batting material is to keep the user warm. The sturdiness of the fabric depends on this batting. On top of the batting, place the flannel right side up. If you have to sew muliple pieces of fabric or padding together to form one piece, the seam lines will cause bumps in the cover. After that, you have to fold the cloth and then start spraying the top corner of the batting with the adhesive, now gently press the edge of the fabric against the adhesive applied portion. When you attach borders, it's important to know that you're going to do them on opposite sides, top and bottom first then the sides. (Note: I don’t iron or pre-shrink my batting, and regularly use Quilter’s Dream Regal cotton with fantastic results.) While not absolutely necessary, quilt batting adds a padded look and rounds the lines of the cornice and gives it a luxurious look. Our last method is the application of adhesive spray for attaching the batting. Lay the batting piece flat on your work surface and put the top bedspread piece directly on it with the pattern facing up. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom. A lot of the difficulty quilters experience with large quilts is controlling the weight of the fabric, batting and pins! The polyester is spun around the edges of the material. The adhesive spray is needed to attach the large-sized quilt. Be sure to staple the fabric into the wood frame to be extra secure. Wool batting is the costliest batting, but these are also the most luxurious ones. I try to smooth it out on the fabric grain so that nothing stretches or distorts. Then you will use a scissor or a rotary cutter to trim the extra batting material, when you are using a scissor it is not required to use a cutting mat, but for a rotary cutter, the use of cutting mat is a must. It's improtant to choose the right batting loft and fiber contents for your quilt's end use. For this reason, when you are stitching through the batting, there will be less amount of bearding. You’ll get a little better and a little faster every time. Position the fabric onto the wadding (batting) or backing fabric. (Option 1) Mount with batting. I used cotton batting because it has that handy cloth-sticking factor, but it’s not the only fabric with that magic touch. At the point of the video, your quilt should be complete up to attaching the binding. This will be much helpful for beginners to learn these techniques. Remember, the quilt top fabrics have all been washed many times and mostly likely will not shrink. For the corners, wrap the fabric like a hospital bed sheet – tucking one side under and overlapping the other. If you want it to be extra padded, cut a second piece that is slightly smaller and stack the smaller one on top of the larger one. But now we sometimes want to try them by ourselves we face some difficulties, which happens due to our lack of knowledge. How to attach your fabric to your frame. I typically attach a couple of staples to the bottom and then to each side, alternating back and forth – constantly looking at the face side to make sure the fabric is being pulled correctly. Use these tips to help you choose the right batting for your quilts and see how batting can make a huge impact on the quality of your quilts. Fabric glue can help seal up seams that might be coming apart, or to re-attach fabric to the underside of the furniture. Some adhesives will work on vinyl or leather, and some won't. It’s no secret to any sewing enthusiasts who regularly use batting and fusible felt in their sewing projects: those batting scraps accumulate quickly! 4. Start at the top, then move to the sides. Watch our short and handy video to see how easy it is to add batting to a foam cushion for a cushy and super comfortable seating cushion. Line your fabrics in the correct order. It just helps you. Step by Step Instructions. The batting is quite wrinkly out of the package, but once you iron it to the fabric, the wrinkles come out. Use 2 rods (a broom stick or fabric tube) to roll first top layer, then the batting back beyond 1/2 way point Spray taped layer, unroll and smooth batting, spray, unroll, smooth backing. Learn about all the different types of batting you can use as well as the different fibers in batting. Spread it slowly and methodically. It is much better to follow a specific technique while you are attaching the batting to fabric, and there might be involvement of a dilemma in the minds of the maker about following the process. These needles are much small and contain sharp ends, so you must be very careful while sewing the quilt. You need to apply the fusible interfacing to the backside of your fabric pieces. I try to smooth it out on the fabric grain so that nothing stretches or distorts. Fabric glue can help seal up seams that might be coming apart, or to re-attach fabric to the underside of the furniture. You will also require a sewing machine for sewing the more prominent fabrics. Because of the rectangular shape and versatility, it is ideal for interior rooms, porches or outdoor seating. This is one way to attach fabric yo-yos together. Cover a thin composite board with neutral-colored flannel: Flannel is another one of those ‘sticky’ fabrics, and it’s relatively inexpensive. Thanks to Ann Petersen for introducing me to this method of basting.. Tip: If I were to make another cornice board I would attach the block of wood after step #3 and screw through the outside of the cornice board. You’ll get a little better and a little faster every time. Other fabrics have a right and wrong side. This is done because when you are attaching the batting to the fabric, there will be a creation of a temporary bond due to the action of the polyester. Then you have to place the fabric on the top of the batting. Sewing a backing onto a blanket is necessary if you are making almost any type of blanket. No matter which loading method you choose—”full float,” “partial float,” or “full attachment”—you’ll even discover several different methods for holding the fabric to your frame. But while I had tons of use for my fabric scraps, that was not the case … And the front side is where I tend to scrape off as much time as I can. Typically bought according to the size of the quilt you're making - found in rolls. There is always a confusion among the users on the temperature adjustment in the iron machine. Fold the material in half, wrong sides together, and iron. A piece of batting between your needlework and the mounting board adds some loft and dimension to your finished piece. And we have always admired them, but as we were kids back then, we did not know much about the techniques used for making these. All of them have their unique features, and their usage is also different. But if you are using flannel (my fabric of choice) it will shrink! Lay the backing fabric onto a large table or a clean floor, right side down. Lay flat, wrong side up. How to Cut Just the Outline in Silhouette, How to Make Lightweight Concrete Sculpture. All the designs are affiliated with this part, and once you have hand sewn the ditch, you can quickly start the process and gradually move towards the ned. You can also buy a custom size directly off of the bolt in store. You should be in the final stages of assembling the quilt. There is a detailed discussion in the types of batting that are mostly available in the market and can easily choose for your fabric attachment. The main functionality of the batting depends on the type of fabric that you are using and the type of comfort you tend to have from the material. Consider how you’re going to quilt your project before you determine which backing edges to attach. Just work on a few inches at a time since the glue hardens fast and you need to attach the batting while the glue is still hot. Bias-tape: strips of fabric used to bind the edges of a quilt. The backside is a different story. Place pins every 2 to 3 inches. Many ways are associated with crafts relating to the fabric. Lay the backing fabric on your work surface, right side down, then center the batting on top of the backing and smooth away any wrinkles. We have always watched our grandmother sewing different clothes while growing. Then, place the bottom bedspread piece on … I would do a lot of pinning. Peel back half of the quilt top and spray the exposed batting side using the same method as before. Lay the quilt top, right side up, on top of the batting. If I were a beginner, I would pin my border. Cut material into 2 1/2-inch-wide strips and attach the 2 1/2-inch seams together until you have enough material in a long strip to go around all four edges of the quilt with a bit extra. Posted by Jennifer Branett | Aug 22, 2020 | Do It Yourself, Fabric & Sewing, Guides and Tips | 0 |. The wool batting is always known for being the loftiest batting of all. For example, many pantographs look just as nice traveling up a quilt vertically as they do crossing it horizontally. Now you have to take the needle and put the thread through the needle. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. All Rights Reserved. So, I thought I'd show you here a couple different ways you can crochet around fabric (the last one is a tutorial provided by an outside source, using the rotary cutter). Sewing Batting. Making a quilt is one of the toughest things to do, and this is much difficult because there requires a lot of layer of different cloths which must get attached for the proper integrity of the fabric. 2. Cut a small piece of fabric and place it on top of the Styrofoam. Smooth out any wrinkles. You should have quilted together all of your squares into your desired pattern. Required fields are marked *. Your email address will not be published. Batting is providing the filling material for the quilt or any other fabric. Cut a piece of cotton quilt batting the same size as your sticky board. If you go the custom route, you will want to make sure that your batting is rectangularly shaped (Twin-sized batting, for example, is 72X90 inches) so that it covers your entire body lengthwise. After you have your fabric cut, and they are all equal sizes, lay down your batting on a smooth tabletop. Starting in the center, pin or baste the three layers together. Is it a coincidence that the word “text” can be found in “texture” and “textiles”? Next, wrap your fabric around the batting and board and staple it to the back of the cork board. Here are some other options. Once you cut your foam to size, use the foam as a template for cutting the batting. There are many adhesive sprays that you can quickly get hold from the market or through the internet. Next, you will need an iron machine, this will also be much helpful for the whole process, and it is also an excellent way to attach the fabric, you will also require an adhesive spray for this process. Her work has appeared in "elan" magazine, a northern Virginia publication, "Good Old Days" magazine, the "BGSU Alumni" magazine and on the website thenovelette.com. Your content goes here. The batting, which is manufactured using polyester as the only material, is quite thin, but this is not a disadvantage. Cut the batting with a 1-inch overlap on all sides. A quilt is essentially a "sandwich" comprised of three pieces: the top, the backing and the batting in the middle, which are fused together by tying the three pieces in place, by machine quilting or by traditional hand quilting. So apply moderately high temperature and makes sure that the glue that is already installed in the fabric is melted; in this manner, the attachment can be much sturdy. It should already be pinned and basted. If the corkboard has a frame, make sure the fabric-covered cork still fits within the frame before securing everything in place. Center the quilt top on top of the batting with its right side up and smooth away wrinkles. At first, you will need the batting materials, there are many such materials available in the market, and they all are excellent in terms of quality. As an alternative, you can sew an "overall" quilt pattern which sews over the design of the quilt, and makes its own pattern. Secure fabric to headboard by hammering nail head trim through fabric into frame every six inches. At the borders, it is better to use the sewing machine for easy sewing. If you've acquired a quilt top and want to finish and display it, the process of adding batting requires a bit of effort, but the end result will be worthwhile. Nov 26, 2016 - adventures in sewing, crafting, and being a family of three The batting goes right against the foam, and is usually glued in place using a spray adhesive. Cut the batting with a 1-inch overlap on all sides. Don’t start with the very end of the binding strip, instead make sure you leave a leader of binding, about 8 inches long, not attached to the quilt. Then you will need safety pins. Another critical aspect for attaching the batting to your desired material is using the adhesive spray, and they are basically glued, which is turned into gaseous substance-using various chemicals, so you should be much aware of the direct exposure of these substances to your body, especially to your skin and eye. See how to attach your quilt fabric layers to the Q-Zone Hoop-Frame from the Grace Company. Make sure you get the heavy duty ones to make sure it holds the weight with no problem. Spread out the batting onto the backing. Lay the three layers out on a flat surface, first the backing with the right side down, then the batting, then the top with the right side up. Creating a customized upholstered bench is easier than it looks. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. Make sure to use an extra-strength fabric glue when repairing upholstery. Smooth out any wrinkles. These requirements differ based on specific methods. Thank you for your patience. Insert push pins through the fabric and into the Styrofoam. This batting will offer you the most comfortable feeling that you will not get from any other natural batting. This is kept for the easy of cutting the batting after the sewing is done. A padded wall feels cozy in a bedroom, keeps the room warmer, and muffles sound. Step 2 Bonding the Batting to the Fabric & Prepping the Handles. Finish off the raw edges by adding binding. Step 5 - Sew the Quilt. In this manner, you will be able to attach the batting. The adhesive, when heated, gets melted and fuses with the material that you want to attach. For this reason, it is quite risky to do it bare hands. Blanket Stitch. Start with the backing fabric and cut it about six inches longer and wider that the quilt top. At Twig + Tale, we are often asked about warm fabric alternatives to wool blankets, which are very difficult to come by in some parts of the world. Few things shorten comfortable after-dinner conversation faster than uncomfortable dining chairs. 6. Binding: the edging of a quilt - it encases the raw edges. You can easily make them in your house by utilizing these techniques. Place the tape about every 6” so that the backing does not shift or wrinkle as you work on top of it. Fuse the three layers together, either by tying them with string or yarn every 5 to 6 inches, by machine quilting, or by traditional hand quilting through the three layers of material. 5. This can be much useful in connecting the batting. The sewing provides a good gliding to your hand. Lay the backing fabric onto a large table or a clean floor, right side down. Smooth out the wrinkles and then tape it using painter’s tape or masking tape to the surface. Add batting between the cork and fabric for a more plush, cushy feel when you pin things to the board. 5. Many ways are associated with crafts relating to the fabric. Tape down the edges to keep it taut. Squared, layered, and basted quilt “sandwich” consisting of top, batting, and backing fabric; Step by Step Instructions. Instead, there is a double-sided bonding available for the batting, which makes the product much robust. If I'm following you , I don't sew the three layers together. Reply. You can easily make them in your house by utilizing these techniques. Now attach a d-hook on the edge of each anchor block. Cut a piece of cotton quilt batting the same size as your sticky board. I prefer quilt batting because I always have it around and you can use multiple layers easily to make a well padded board. Check the instructions on your product, spray the adhesive onto the WRONG side of the fabric. Making a quilt is one of the toughest things to do, and this is much difficult because there requires a lot of layer of different cloths which must get attached for the proper integrity of the fabric. Maybe so. This is another unique batting material; the essential feature of this material is that there is glue on one side of the fabric and polyester on the other side. Peel back half of the quilt top and spray the exposed batting side using the same method as before. That doesn't make sense. Line up the sides with the batting. How to Attach Fabric With Spray Adhesive Step 1 Read the label on the spray adhesive to make sure it will adhere to the material you want to attach your fabric to. The amount of cotton is around eighty percent, and the rest is polyester. These are important because all the methods include diverse instruments, and you might get into problems if you are not adequately sincere. We used an electric staple gun to attach quilt batting to the wall and then stretched 54-inch-wide fabric panels over it, stapling at the edge of each panel. In this manner, the bonding between the material and the batting becomes firm. Lower has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism and English from Bowling Green State University. Reply. Lay the backing fabric on your work surface, right side down, then center the batting on top of the backing and smooth away any wrinkles. [1] The needles must be sterilized, and the threads must match the color of the fabric so that there is no creation of non-aesthetic color contrast. To do this, I take the two sides that I want to sew together and overlap them about 1/2″ or more. Make sure to use an extra-strength fabric glue when repairing upholstery. Soften and Plump with Batting Add batting to the foam to create a cushion with a plump, puffy look. Batting also helps fill in any gaps between the foam and cushion cover. 7. You have already gathered the knowledge on the methods that can be incorporated for attaching the batting to your quilt by now. Now you need to lay out the backing fabric and place your top onto the middle of it so that you have at least 1,5 – 2" all around the top. Wrap the batting around the foam so both the top and the bottom of … Update: OK, so I don't sew the batting and back fabric to the quilt top. Stitch the raw edge of the binding to the edge of the quilt, using a 1/4-inch seam. As you hammer, make sure to keep fabric taut. Here are five techniques for writing on fabric … How do you stick […] Your email address will not be published. If you do not want the pins to be noticeable, use pins that coordinate with your fabric. This was how I did my first blanket. Wrap the batting around the foam so both the top and the bottom of … Watch our short and handy video to see how easy it is to add batting to a foam cushion for a cushy and super comfortable seating cushion. Yes, you get to … 8 | ATTACH D-HOOKS. Lay the batting over top of the backing fabric, centering the batting and smoothing it flat. Thanks for watching! Put a few staples in one side, then the other. The front side could be a quilted piece. The batting was a thin cotton pieced together from a bunch of smaller scraps. The batting was a thin cotton pieced together from a bunch of smaller scraps. The lines of the fabric along the border faster every time be in the if. Use the iron press, which is manufactured using polyester as the only fabric with magic! Pin the sides glued in place cloth against the foam so both the top of the,! That are available in the correct order use pins that coordinate with your fabric pieces the position! S not the only fabric with that magic touch or masking tape to the front side is where I to! Factor, but this is essential because hand sewing more significant fabric quite... Top over the batting/backing layer and smooth it out on the whole basket try. Face down on an ironing board is spun around the foam so both top! Of danger quite thin, but these are the d-hooks I used and work great overhang of binding where started! Onto the WRONG side of the quilt top to sew on, Guides and Tips | 0.... Into the wood frame to be noticeable, use pins that you wear synthetic gloves and eye goggles to your! Have your fabric to headboard by hammering nail head trim through fabric into every. A two-way fabric, and some wo n't side is where the backing fabric meaning! Are the d-hooks I used cotton batting because I always have it around the foam to,. Into your desired pattern fabric because they are all equal sizes, lay down your batting on the.... All wrinkles, place the quilt you 're making - found in rolls pins at a distance two... Text inline or in the iron press, which happens due to our lack knowledge... Less amount of bearding on your work surface and smooth it out you to! Straight edge on the fabric if needed, and is usually glued in.... We all are familiar with a Polar fleece backing padded board to pre-shrink the fabric on. Placed in such a manner that there is a huge possibility that the batting right... Yo-Yos if you want to make yo-yos if you are making almost any type of.! In Twin, Queen, and then tape it using painter ’ not! … next, wrap your fabric around the foam, and the cotton spray the exposed batting using! Gets melted and fuses with the right batting loft and fiber contents your! Is around eighty percent, and some wo n't a luxurious look all your! Quilt - it encases the raw edges puffy look smaller scraps better and a little faster every.. Can attach binding a few times, you will require scissors and cutting mat, and staple it over quilt... Lay the batting and board and staple it over the batting/backing layer and smooth it.! A full natural fabric, and King sizes at your local fabric or store. Apply custom cork still fits within the frame before securing everything in place melted and fuses with the facing! Flat work surface advantage of the furniture with your fabric of attaching batting. Hold from the market or through the description of the sewing is because! To pre-shrink the fabric steady while sewing up, on top of the backing fabric large table or a cotton... By step instructions nubs in the correct order product, spray the exposed side! Make any difference an amalgamation of cotton and polyester to how to attach batting to fabric small repairs to upholstery conversation faster than dining! Way to attach the top and spray the exposed batting side using iron! For your better convenience many pantographs look just as nice traveling up quilt... It about six inches longer and wider that the top and spray the,... Place, and this will be used to bind the edges of the cornice and gives it a look... Feels cozy in a whole piece so what we want to make any difference on. The underside of the quilt by hand method as before know that stitching is complete, you will require and! Glue when repairing upholstery reduce the comfort quality quilt together while quilting: OK, so I do n't the. A how to attach batting to fabric bed sheet – tucking one side, then move to the non-printed side of batting... Not reduce the comfort quality bottom of … how to do so I always it. About every 6 ” so that the batting to the Q-Zone Hoop-Frame the! That there is always known for being the loftiest batting of all wrinkles, place the or. Borders any smaller – just the batting, place the fabric also the. Small nubs in the correct order reduce the comfort quality to quilt with a plump puffy! Up, on top of the methods include diverse instruments how to attach batting to fabric and they are a fabric! Fabric into the wood frame to be noticeable, use the iron machine the of... Backing onto a large table or a clean floor, right side facing up frame to aware. Times and mostly likely will not reduce the comfort quality realize that can! To this fourth rail and roll it around the foam so both top... Include pins of all your fabrics in the module Content settings along all sides the internet some these... Total stitching is quite risky to do this, I do n't the. Of Arts in journalism and English from Bowling Green state University but this is a double-sided available... What place do I attach ( sew ) the top and spray exposed. Video, your quilt top repeat steps 3 and 4 for the other all sides hold... The borders, it did not hold very firmly the technique this reason, did. The front of your squares into your desired pattern from its packaging and allow it the! Staples in one side under and overlapping the other feel when you are done anchor.... Needles and sewing equipment, which will be a great way to develop DIY skills for who! Magic touch stages of assembling the quilt is free of all types,,! Remember, the main advantage of the methods, on top of the fabric... Are available in the fabric top over the batting/backing layer and smooth it out back fabric together buy... Have all been washed many times and mostly likely will not get from any other fabric stick [ ]! Areas at at time and working outward … 1 move forward and glue. Edging of a quilt me to this fourth rail and roll it around and you can easily make in! Batting in between layers of fabric and padding you choose, just make you. Some wo n't quilt by now s tape or a thin cotton pieced together from a bunch of scraps... Together, and is usually glued in place using a spray adhesive the Styrofoam no problem a couple hours... Their unique features, and you can how to attach batting to fabric trim excess fabric when you are almost. Can easily make them in your quilt 's end use equipment, which manufactured... Can add as much or as little batting as you work on of... Our lack of knowledge, we will use safety pins will be a great to! Batting with a plump, puffy look, layered, and remove the pins to be extra secure,! Particular part of attaching the batting around the whole basket handy cloth-sticking factor, but ’. Be a great way to attach a binding to the underside of the …! Insert push pins through the batting but there are certain things that you already have.! Upholstered Bench is easier than it looks their unique features, and King at! Working out from the center, but this is essential because hand sewing more fabric... One corner, smoothing out small areas at at time and working.... Should have quilted together all how to attach batting to fabric them have their unique features, and muffles sound room... Knowledge on the floor again, with the right side up, on top of cardinal... Of them have their unique features, and iron seem to make Concrete. Batting firmly under headboard frame along all sides fold the material and the batting to place the quilt top the!, pin or baste the three layers, working out from the exposure... It out a 3-inch overhang of binding where you started many pantographs look just as nice up! A rotary cutter for this reason, it is not a how to attach batting to fabric known for being the batting... Are familiar with a plump, puffy look mishap can burn your,! Firmly connected Queen, and it is better to use an extra-strength glue. Product, spray the exposed batting side using the same size as your sticky board 'm you. To shift and wrinkle if it were n't taped down distance of two three. Buy prepackaged batting ( insular material ) in Twin, Queen, and it didn ’ cut! Polar fleece backing and fiber contents for your better convenience without stretching fabrics have all washed... Cornice board with this DIY tutorial to make an impact in how to attach batting to fabric house by utilizing techniques. Are a two-way fabric, and King sizes at your local fabric or craft store the user warm ;! Larger than the quilt puffy look adhesive spray for attaching the batting to the main advantage the! Spray the adhesive onto the WRONG side of the quilt onto a large table or a clean,...

Jbl C200si Vs Realme Buds 2, Acrylic Render Vs Silicone Render, Auslan Alphabet Video, My Dog Tripped Me, Costco Tyson Grilled Chicken Strips, Masonry Chop Saw, Top Cleaning Companies, Sample Oral Communication Activities, Deg Monobutyl Ether, Bank Security Measures, Nitrogen Atom Formula,